Civil society

Civil society is seen as an important agent of change and central actor in furthering and applying REDD+. The Norwegian funding to civil society organisations is an integrated and strategic component of the Norwegian Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI).

Norway has supported a number of non-governmental organisations working in Indonesia since 2009. For the civil society grant scheme 2016-2020, Norway supports 19 organisations operating in the country, many of them Indonesian organisations, while some are international. These projects are related to the forest and climate agenda in one way or the other, including work with indigenous peoples and other forest dependent communities, strengthening law enforcement and governance in the forestry sector, collaboration with private sector and forest and peat research including monitoring of forest cover. This funding is not part of the bilateral USD 1 billion pledge, but are additional grants.

For information on financial support to civil society organisations and how to apply, please visit Norad’s website.


Project duration

Project description

Short online description of NICFI-funded project (if available)



Project Specific Outcome 1 : The Government of Indonesia has advanced the Existing Policies and Legal Frameworks that Recognize and Protect the Rights of Indigenous Peoples;

Project Specific Outcome 2 : Indigenous Peoples effectively participate in the development of laws and policies related to sustainable forest management;

Project Specific Outcome 3 : Indigenous Peoples are able to monitor the implementation of Law, Policies and Programs related to Forest and REDD+;

Project Specific Outcome 4 : Indigenous Peoples including women and youth in target areas are able to implement self-determined development including Forest and REDD+ related activities based on the Indigenous Maps.

BBC Media Action


The project will include the production of a high profile television drama as well as a discussion programme on which audiences can ask their questions to leaders and policy-makers. These programmes will both seek to increase access to information for the public and encourage greater public engagement in policies that affect them. The discussion programmes will provide a critical platform for policy makers to explain more about their plans and actions, and for members of the public and civil society to assess whether they are delivering on their commitments. The drama will explore the impact of decisions being made about on people’s daily lives.



CIFOR will continue working closely with research partners and stakeholders, with a focus on selected NICFI priority countries. In this new project we intend to enter a third phase, focusing on the assessment of policy design and actual impacts of REDD+ policies and measures as a basis to achieve REDD+ results. We will expand the scope of our work and improve our capacity to respond to the evolving REDD+ policy process at the global level, assess the obstacles, nature and direction of transformational change and identify policies and on-the-ground actions that work.

Climate Policy Initiative (CPI)


Phase 3: The project aims to show that green growth in Indonesia is possible through intensive (high productivity) rather than extensive (expansion) agricultural and forestry practices. CPI continues to partner with the University of Palangkaraya (UNPAR), local government agencies and private businesses to develop and test a jurisdictional business model for sustainable oil palm investment in Central Kalimantan that supports improved land use policies and economic growth.

Governors Climate and Task Force (GCF)


The project has three aims: (1) to promote subnational political engagement and leadership; (2) to support and measure jurisdictional approaches to protect and restore forests, reduce emissions, and enhance livelihoods; (3) and to foster strategic partnerships and networks with civil society, private sector, and community leaders.

Environmental Defence Fund


Initiative I will build broad global consensus on the central role of forests in climate mitigation and strengthen political will in developed nations to finance international forest mitigation. Project-specific outcomes: Outcome 1. Additional commitments of 10Gt of CO2 reductions from tropical forest mitigation in the first post-2020 compliance period (2021-30), supported by agreement across developed and developing countries on relevant global  mechanisms, modalities, strategies, institutional frameworks and methodologies.

Outcome 2. By the end of 2020, developed nations double their commitments to economic incentives for REDD+ through 2030.Does not have a significant presence or effort in Indonesia. The initiative will establish proof-of-concept for Indonesia and other major agricultural commodity exporting jurisdictions facing the challenges of implementing REDD+ and strengthening forest governance, while increasing agricultural production, promoting green growth and meeting corporate demands for sustainable commodities at landscape scales.

Inobu (Earth Innonvation Institute)

Indonesian partner: Inobu


EII  works  through our own local teams and through collaboration with farmer organizations, companies, NGOs and overnments, to achieve Shared goals, incentive systems, and good monitoring of low-emission rural development across large  states, provinces or districts. These jurisdiction-­wide plans are implemented through a multi-stakeholder governance structure.

Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA)


EIA collects intelligence on illegal timber in rainforest countries, and uses the information to point out crimes in timber importing countries (EU, US, Australia).
In addition, assist civil society and forest dependent communities in-country to leverage these changes in commodity markets to improve local forest governance. Outreach and capacity building efforts in key geographic focal points will allow market and supply chain efforts to empower local communities. Education and coordinated campaigns will illustrate how forest-dependent communities can play a leading role in improving their access to markets, improving transparency, fighting corruption, and fostering poverty-alleviating development.

European Federation for Transport and Environment


Outcome: The Indonesian government integrates sustainability criteria in its biofuel mandate, introduced by the ‘no-deforestation’ policies of the main palm oil traders. This could deliver up to 25 million tonnes/year of CO2e emissions reductions by 2030.



Outcome 1: 250,000 hectares of high conservation value and high carbon stock forest and 500,000 hectares of peatland are covered by production-protection/ restoration agreements

Outcome 2: 35,000 palm oil smallholders in 3 landscapes have increased productivity by 30%.

Outcome 3: Improved livelihoods for 20,000 community members

National Wildlife Federation


Building on recent achievements, National Wildlife Federation and a consortium of expert partners will strengthen, expand geographically, and accelerate implementation of zero deforestation commitments by companies and producers.

The goal of this project is to break the link between the production of agricultural commodities (palm oil in Indonesia) and tropical deforestation in Brazil, Indonesia, Colombia and Peru. They will utilise the best available science and latest technologies in satellite land-use monitoring to support advocacy and outreach activities that: leverage key companies, public-facing brands, and other important supply chain actors to develop robust commitments; implement effective practices that support zero deforestation soy, palm oil, and cattle production in these target geographies; and foster alignment with government efforts to protect forests.

Rainforest Foundation Norway


Indigenous peoples and civil society organisations must gain the expertise and capacity needed for them to effectively influence relevant forest policies.

National and local governments must recognise the multiple and long-term benefits of protecting the rainforest, and respect, implement and consolidate the rights of indigenous peoples.

Under the framework agreement, the Rainforest Foundation provides institutional support to the local organisations. The institutional support and strengthening serves as a neccessary foundation for the work they do in the NICFI-program.

Indonesian partners:
Perempuan AMAN
Yayasan Citra Mandiri (YCM)
YMP - Merah Putih Foundation
Yali - Paupa



The project will help secure the indigenous peoples and local communities’ rights through building capacity and working with a range of relevant actors.

There will be three outcomes that expected as results of this 5 years project, they are
1.Communities in at least eight high-potential districts in Indonesia have legal certainty over their rights to natural forests
2.Household livelihoods in communities in at least eight high-potential districts in Indonesia are enhanced as a result of improved management of their indigenous forests
3.The institutional and policy framework in Indonesia recognises and protects community rights while incentivising sustainable community-based forest management.

The Forest Trust


The Forest Trust will guide key stakeholders through a process to develop a robust land use plan with support from local communities, government, business and civil society. 

One of the challenges in a landscape level is getting everyone around the table. TFT ‘s aim with this project is to mobilize stakeholders who might not otherwise have the opportunity or inclination to work together. Focusing on pilot areas in Indonesia, TFT will initiate and guide a land use plan; build local capacity for participation in the landscape process, including through provision of monitoring and evaluation tools and smallholder engagement; and cross-pollinate knowledge and best practice within and between landscapes.

The Nature Conservancy


TNC will improve and expand good governance and transparency while reducing illegality in the forest sector in Indonesia. This will happen through an integrated approach supporting advancement in Forest Management Units (KPH) and the Indonesian Timber Legality Assurance System’s (SVLK) development to bring innovative tools, approaches, and insights to improve the national policies.

TNC will help demonstrate forest sector solutions that bring together government and private sector at national, provincial, and management unit levels

TuK Indonesia (Transformasi untuk Keadilan Indonesia)


The expected short-term results are:
• NGOs and media put pressure on banks
• More transparency in laggard and progressive banks
• Progressive banks adopt policies and strengthen implementation
• Progressive banks put pressure on peers and on the Indonesian financial services authority (OJK) to create a level playing field
• The OJK authority understands issues with the OJK and demand regulatory options
• CSOs lodge case studies with the OJK and demand regulation
• CSOs confront banks with case studies and propose accountability mechanisms.

WALHI (national executive)


In this project, WALHI and its 13 regional offices will address some of the causes that directly affect deforestation and forest degradation. They will work at local, regional and natonal level, and will seek to achieve the following changes:

1.The government acknowledges and recognises community-based natural resources management/governance.

2.There are law enforcement efforts towards destructive and/or illegal extractive industries that increase deforestation and forest degradation, and threaten community’s sustainable forest management/governance models and areas.

3.There are strong community-based forest management models in place. This in order to increase their bargaining position towards government/policy makers to protect the community-managed areas.

World Resources Institute


 1. Improve management of peatland in priority jurisdictions to reduce GHG emission from peat degradation and fires while promoting equitable land use practices to enhance local livelihoods;
2. Instill principles of accountability, inclusivity, and sustainability within land use management in priority provinces (Riau, South Sumatera, Papua) through the implementation of One Map policy;
3. Improve transparency, accuracy and usability of Indonesia's National Forest Monitoring System to better monitor and enforce sustainable land use practices in Indonesia.



The project will support participatory processes and foster political consensus, from forest communities to international finance institutions, with a keen understanding that the pathway to achieving and maintaining these results must be socially and politically sustainable.

Empowerment local and indigenous communities will be a key effort. This will be done to improve and enhance the stewardship of their territories and to achieve an effective participation in REDD+ related initiatives, policies and measures. To guarantee sustainability, this has to be accompanied by the strengthening of the local, regional and national governments and their institutional frameworks. WWF will achieve this through a range of interventions. Examples: Targeted research and advocacy to inform and shape policy and short-term technical support for the development and implementation of safeguards and MRV (monitoring, reporting and verifying) systems.



The report outlines that several organisations advocated for the implementation of the Village Law, in addition to other key results in Indonesia.

Civil society is an important complement to the bilateral and multilateral support under Norway’s Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI). During the period 2013-2015, Norway supported 20 civil society organisations whose projects benefitted Indonesia. Read more